Title of submission
Field visit Report
Field visit Report
Field visit Report
A field trip or excursion is a journey by a group of people to a place away from their normal environment.
The purpose of the trip is usually observation for education,non-experimental research or provide students with experiences outside their everyday activities, such as going camping with teachers and their classmates. The aim of this research is to observe the subject in its natural state and possibly collect samples. It is seen that more-advantaged children may have already experienced cultural institutions outside of school, and field trips provide a common ground with more-advantaged and less-advantaged children to have some of the same cultural experiences in the arts.
Objectives of field visit
The acquisition of lasting concepts are rooted in concrete experiences.The field trip bring us to the world beyond the classroom.It has a wide range of application. It increases students knowledge .
The place were choose:
1. To study the historical values about Krishnapuram Palace.
2. To identify the ancient kingdom and their rules.
3. To study about the ancient social moral and values
4. To aware about ancient culture and traditions.
5. To study more about architectures of the palace.
The Krishnapuram Palace is a palace and museum located in Kayamkulam near Alappuzha in , Alappuzha district Kerala in southwestern India. It was built in the 18th century by Anizham Thirunaal Mardhanda Varma (1729–1758 AD), the Travancore kingdom. It is built in the architectural style of kerala with gabled, narrow corridor and former windows, near the Krishnaswamy Temple at Krishnapuram .
The palace is maintained by the kerala state, department of archaeology, and contains exhibits that belonged to the Palace and its former occupant, the Travancore Maharaja Marthanda Varma. It is also famous for a large pond within the palace complex It is also said that an underground escape route runs from the bottom of the pond as a possible escape route from enemies.
Among the many Kerala-style paintings seen in the palace, a distinctly placed mural painting is titled "Gajendra Moksham" of 154 square feet (14.3 m2) size, which is said to be the largest such find in Kerala. It is placed on the western end of the ground floor of the palace.
The palace was built by king mardhanda varma of Travancore after defeating and annexing Odanad in the Odanad–Travancore War of 1746. Before the construction of the palace, the King demolished an earlier palace at the site, which had been built by the King Veera Ravi Varma of Odanad (reign 1700–1775 AD). Initially, a small palace of a single story, known locally as Ettukettu, was built in the traditional style with an adjacent pond, temple and urappura under the management of Prime minister Ramayyan Dalawa, which was later enlarged by Prime Minister Ayyappan Marthanada Pillai. The palace complex has many other buildings, which are a combination of traditional and Western architecture. The present building, a three-storied structure within the complex, was renovated in the 1950s by the Archaeological Department of Kerala in modern style conforming to the scientific techniques prescribed for the protection of heritage buildings. As a protected monument, it houses the Archaeological Museum and its offices.
The palace complex, which now functions as an archaeological museum, is a treasure house of ancient paintings and inscriptions, coins, megalithic remains, artefacts made of wood, brass and stone sculptures. Some of the prominent displays in the complex are: The mural of Gajendra Moksham, Kayamkulam Val (sword), Buddha’s statue of the 10th century and ceremonial utensils and many other artefacts.
Within the palace is the archaeological museum which has an exhibit of the Gajendra Moksham a 3 meters (9.8 ft) high mural,which is the largest single piece of mural painting so far discovered in Kerala. The literal meaning of ‘Gajendra Moksham’ is the “salvation or Moksha of the elephant king Gajendra.” The theme of the mural is mythological and depicts an elephant saluting Lord Vishnu in devotion while the other minor Gods, Goddesses and saints look on. Lord Vishnu was the family deity of the Kayamkulam Kings. This mural, in a fusion of colours and expressions, was placed prominently at the entrance to the palace from the pond to enable the kings to worship the deity after their daily ablutions.
Kayamkulam Vaal (Sword)
The Kayamkulam Vaal (‘Vaal’ means “sword”) is an important exhibit in the museum. The significance of the sword is that its both sides are sharpened and thus it is more dangerous than any other martial weapon. It is said to have been used by the Kayamkulam Rajas in the 18th century and hence was of special attraction to the king.
Buddha mandapam (hall)
Buddha mandapam (hall) is where an attractive statue of one of the four antique Buddhas of the 10th century, which were recovered in recent times in ponds and fields in Alappuzha district is displayed. The Buddha mandapam (Buddha statue installed here predates the building of the palace is located in the finely landscaped and tended garden with profusion of flower plants (endemic to Kerala) that surrounds the palace complex.
The four Buddha statues found in recent years in the Alappuzha district testify the prevalence of Hinayana Buddhism in Odanadu in the Maveli kingdom of Kerala several. The four Buddha images are in meditating posture with Ushnisha (cap) and Upavita (upper garment). These had been thrown into fields and ponds during the anti-Buddhism campaign in Kerala. The idol was found in a pool or tank called Puthenkula (Pond of Buddha) in Maruturkulangara in Karunagappalli. This idol, cut out of a single piece of rock, was first installed in Karunagappalli town and after many years reinstalled in the compound of Krishnapuram Palace which is now a monument in the Buddha Mandapam. This idol has a skull cap adorned with lines of pearls or diamonds that represents the highest wisdom attained by Buddha. Scholars have inferred that this statue probably belongs to the 7th century or even 5th century.
The museum in the Krishnapuram Palace also has a copy of the Bible in Sanskrit printed in Calcutta (Kolkata) in 1886. Ceremonial utensils are also on display in a display case, which consists of oil lamps, fine miniature figures, and small stone columns carved with serpent deities (collected from various local houses). Some of these are arranged in an arc form known as prabhu and placed behind a temple deity to provide a “hallow of light”. Fine miniature Panchaloha (five metals of bronze alloy with gold also as an ingredient) figures on display are of the Varuna (water god), many Vishnus and a minuscule devotee in workship mode.
No society can exist without trade,and hence numismatics provides us with a deep understanding of ancient societies and their culture. Though not very large,the museum displays a variety of old Indian and foreign coins. You can trace the changes in kerala history,by studying the coins issued by various kingdoms in kerala at different periods,and also by the coins issued by the colonial powers in kerala.
Krishnapuram Palace is located in a place called Krishnapuram, which is about 3kms south of Kayamkulam. Kayamkulam is 47kms south of Alleppey.
If you are coming from the Alleppey side, you have to take right from krishnapuram bus stop. Perhaps an easier way would be to drive a bit ahead, where you will see the KTDC motel Aaram on your right side. There is a road going right just before the motel. Take a right and drive through that road for about 1km,and you will reach the palace.
Though this palace is much smaller than the Padmanabhapuram palace, there are similarities between these two palaces.This palace is a good example of classical kerala architecture. It is a pathinaaru kettu
There was a old palace in existence there,built by the earlier rulers of Kayamkulam.This was demolished and a new one was built by Ramayyan Dalawa during the reign of Marthanda Varma.
There are many specialties about this palace.
The biggest mural in kerala- Gajendra Moksham (49 sq.m),is in this palace.
Kayamkulam Val– The double edged Kayamkulam sword, said to be the favorite weapon of the kayamkulam raja is also in this place.
The Buddha statue– Buddhism in ancient kerala is a fascinating topic. Kerala was once said to be a Buddhist land. The history is both interesting and hazy. The decline of buddhism is said to have coincided with the ascendance of the Brahmins from the north-The nambudiris. This ascendance of nambudiris lead to a brahminical hegemony, and stratification of society into rigid and oppressive class system.
There were many centres of buddhist learning in south kerala. The buddhist called them pallis. The word is still used in the malayalam word palli-kudam, for school. Karthika-palli, etc were buddhist centres.
Islamic invasion was one of the main factors of weakening of buddhims in north India,but not in kerala. In kerala it had its own nemesis -shankaracharya or Adi Shankara
There is a fully covered indoor pond in the basement of this palace which also acted as an escape route in case of an emergency.
This palace is under the administration of the Archaeology department. They have made the palace into a museum.Its not a huge museum, but you can see collections of ancient coins, statues,tools,weapons and other ammunition here.
1. It help us to Study Or aware about the historical values and culture.
2.It help us to develop a social relationship.
3.It help us to know more about the historical importance of the place.
4.It help us to know more about the ancient Kingdom.
5.To help the Study about the name of ancient kings and their process of rule.
6. It provide knowledge about the antique Coins.
Field trip serve on vital functions as for education is concerned. Field trip link the classroom experience with the outside world in so doing they not only improve learning,but also give both the learner and educator valued particular experience. Field trip allowed to the students to learn various new things as well as to enjoy the scenic beauty of nature.
The most positive thing about the field trip is that is bought as much more closer to nature and history. This Field trip help to understand and learn historical monuments from Krishnapuram palace ,we enjoyed to learn about the ancient Kingdom and study the ancient king and the process of rule of ancient kings.